connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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Although Al-Mawardi was not a political philosopher and tjeory did not the basics of the constitution but his theory of caliphate is of prime importance.

Retrieved from ” https: Friday, August 20, The Imam may not consult them in the affairs of the State, yet they must obey him. One thing is quite clear mawsrdi the writings of Al-Mawardi, that he is opposed to the claim of undisputed obedience to the Caliph.

The Seljuqs In Islamic world: He, therefore, got all his education here and rose in literary renown at an early age.

See also Arabic language. When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life.

The Electoral College shall consist of persons with special qualifications. The Qurayshite descent of the candidate of Imamate is very important.

Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

It was this theory of nomination that cut at the very root of democratic ideals in Islamic polity. A judge should have the qualities: The State administration as a whole was called Diwan. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Designation And Privileges E. The Muslim jurists are of the opinion that the institution of the Caliphate is not necessitated by a clear injunction in the Quran but by the consensus of opinion, it is obvious that the matter is left to the discretion and judgment of the Muslim throry.


Among the seven conditions which according to al-Mawardi must be fulfilled by a candidate, the seventh one, that is, the Quraishite descent is very important.

Chapter Al-Mawardi | A History of Muslim Philosophy Volume 1, Book 3 |

He is then to represent ignorance. This office is of much importance. It is to recommend measures to abolish lawlessness, mal administration and disturbance in a province.

He may be deposed if he becomes morally degraded and his immoral acts are dangerous for the collectible interests. His character must be exemplary. This idealistic touch made his work popular with every regime and every generation that came after him.

A non-Muslim citizen may be appointed as minister execution. Minister execution is to execute policy of the government. Along with the verses of the Quran he argues from the order of the Prophet P.

He was not a visionary and idealist like the jurists or the scholastics, and like them did not sit to speculate a vacuum. Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory, Al-ahkam al-sultaniyyah Ordinances of government. The institution of Caliphate represents the mission of Hazrat Muhammad P.

Except Ibn-e-Khaldoon, all the jurists, thrologists and political philosophers who have followed him, down to our own days, have hardly made any improvement upon his thoughts. Al-Mawardi omits the case when a debauch and licentious person is theoryy as Imam. Thus when he tries to demonstrate that the Imam should not indulge in luxurious living and he reminds the readers of the order which God gave to the Prophet David A.

He was a man of the world; he tried to solve its problems as best as he could. Sunday, February 20, It was this theory of nomination that cut at the very root of democratic ideals in Islamic polity. The Imam may not consult them in affairs of state. The same cannot be said of another personality after him in the Muslim history. The maintenance of law and order in the country to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, proceed in their economic activities politiacl, and travel in the land without fear.

But if all hope is lost, he will be deemed to have relinquished his office, and a new election shall take place. The moral change is of two kinds: Thank You for Your Contribution!


If the minister delegation resigns, the rest of the ministers shall be considered as removed. If anyone innovates an opinion or becomes a sceptic, the Imam should convince him of the real truth and correct him with proper mawadri and make him obey the injunctions and prohibitions of the Shariah, so that the people at large may be saved from the evil effects of such heresies. One of the earliest and most reliable ap on poligical period, ibn Qutaibah, reports in his al-Imamah w-al-Siyasah that when symptoms of death approached Abu Bakr, he mawari very anxious as to who should succeed him to the Caliphal authority.

Subscriber Services Contact Us Help. Therefore, while considered, he suggests that there must be a test among poltiical talented citizens to select effective judges, various factors like ability and merit etc must be considered.

The Caliph is, however, traditionally elected in the capital because the death of the previous Caliph is first known there, and political considerations require the immediate appointment of mawwrdi new Caliph, and also because most people possessing the necessary qualifications for the Imamate generally reside there.

Although the structure of the Caliphate was brutally shaken during the regime of Hazrat Usman R. Yet they must obey him. For four hundred years the Muslims were engaged in conquest and empire building, but they could not evolve any concrete pattern of government or administration. The only sad thing about this was that it was too short-lived and that it could not get time for proper growth and consolidation. The Imam is bound to be the covenant of God to establish the supremacy of Islam over all other religions and faith.

Al-Mawardi fairly discusses the different opinions of the jurists whether or not the Caliph is entitled to designate one of his sons or relations as his successor and whether he acts legally in doing so.