Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.

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He quotes a Hadith: He should preach Islam. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback.

But if all hope is lost, he will be deemed to have relinquished his office, and a new election shall take place. He is of the mawardk that this method is suitable only if qualities of the voters are also assessed.

The Imam cannot withdraw the nomination until there occurs in this heir apparent some important change which invalidates him legally. Saturday, 19 May Al-Mawardi. He stresses the importance of hadiths but he also says that some elements invented hadiths just to serve their personal case and to destroy unity among the muslims.


He sites the tradition of Abbas in evidence. A and Hazrat Ali R. They however, took pains to preserve the original pattern of succession b y nomination and limited election within the House of Umayyad. Al-Mawardi lays great stress on it and says that if any one raises any objection on the ground that it excludes non-Qurayshites from the Caliphate such an objection would not be considered because it was this Qurayshite descent that was presented by Abu Bakr as an argument for preference in the election of Poligical Bani Saidah.

Mumem- obedient of Shariah: They resorted to the holy Quran and hadiths. Sometimes subordinates are to use name of their senior and people are deceived. Al-Mawardi is of the view that imam is must because to maintain justice in the state and to differentiate good and bad. The salient features of mzwardi institutions of Imamate: Al-Baghdadi, Usul al-Din, p.

Life And Works B. Here, a note of explanation seems to be necessary. Al-Mawardi describes that the real objective of the state is the rule of justice and truth and to bring tranquility and peace mawarrdi its inhabitants.

He could have easily established from the tradition of the Prophet P.

Chapter Al-Mawardi | A History of Muslim Philosophy Volume 1, Book 3 |

It is the clearest example of despotism and totalitarianism. Minister delegation according to Al-Mawardi is a person in whom the imam has the fullest confidence; he is delegated maximum powers by the imam. Minister delegation must be expert tax collecting, defense affairs and treasury.

This method is also suitable because polittical imam is nominated keeping in view the determined qualities. Hazrat Umar appointed a shura to elect imam.


According to Al-Mawardi Imamat is the base on which the rules and regulations of the community depend. The compromise was given religious sanctity and justification, so that it became permanent and unchallengeable.

Edinburgh Research Archive

politicap In other words, the management of the State machinery is of basic importance to politixal. He had already before him the precedent of the Umayyads. Al-Mawardi says that the institution of Imamat is the need of Shariah and not of reason.

If the Imam is captured by a Muslim rebel army, and the rebels have not appointed an Imam of their own, the captured Imam shall continue to command the loyalty of the people, and an acting Imam shall be appointed by him, if possible, or by the Electoral College.

The first case is obvious and needs no comment. But Al-Mawardi says that one person is enough to elect the Caliph. The moral change is of two kinds:.

The sovereignty rests in the people. The Imam should personally look into and apprise himself of the affairs of his dominions so that he himself directs the national policy and protect the interests of the people.